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Hippo-YAP/MCP-1 mediated tubular maladaptive repair promote inflammation in renal failed recovery after ischemic AKI

Authors: Zheng, Zhihuang; Li, Chuanlei; Shao, Guangze; Li, Jinqing; Xu, Kexin; Zhao, Zhonghua; Zhang, Zhigang; Liu, Jun; Wu, Huijuan

Online: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41419-021-04041-8

Issue: Cell Death Dis. 2021 Jul 30;12(8):754


Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with significant morbidity and its chronic inflammation contributes to subsequent chronic kidney disease (CKD) development. Yes-associated protein (YAP), the major transcriptional coactivator of the Hippo pathway, has been shown associated with chronic inflammation, but its role and mechanism in AKI-CKD transition remain unclear. Here we aimed to investigate the role of YAP in AKI-induced chronic inflammation. Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) was used to induce a mouse model of AKI-CKD transition. We used verteporfin (VP), a pharmacological inhibitor of YAP, to treat post-IRI mice for a period, and evaluated the influence of YAP inhibition on long-term outcomes of AKI. In our results, severe IRI led to maladaptive tubular repair, macrophages infiltration, and progressive fibrosis. Following AKI, the Hippo pathway was found significantly altered with YAP persistent activation. Besides, tubular YAP activation was associated with the maladaptive repair, also correlated with interstitial macrophage infiltration. Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) was found notably upregulated with YAP activation. Of note, pharmacological inhibition of YAP in vivo attenuated renal inflammation, including macrophage infiltration and MCP-1 overexpression. Consistently, in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R) induced YAP activation and MCP-1 overproduction whereas these could be inhibited by VP. In addition, we modulated YAP activity by RNA interference, which further confirmed YAP activation enhances MCP-1 expression. Together, we concluded tubular YAP activation with maladaptive repair exacerbates renal inflammation probably via promoting MCP-1 production, which contributes to AKI-CKD transition.