Authors: Su, Yanhong; Tsagkozis, Panagiotis; Papakonstantinou, Andri; Tobin, Nicholas P.; Gultekin, Okan; Malmerfelt, Anna; Ingelshed, Katrine; Neo, Shi Yong; Lundquist, Johanna; Chaabane, Wiem; Nisancioglu, Maya H.; Leiss, Lina W.; Östman, Arne; Bergh, Jonas; Sedimbi, Saikiran; Lehti, Kaisa; Lundqvist, Andreas; Stragliotto, Christina L.; Haglund, Felix; Ehnman, Monika
Issue: Cancers (Basel) . 2021 Mar 9;13(5):1175.
Checkpoint inhibitors are slowly being introduced in the care of specific sarcoma subtypes such as undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, alveolar soft part sarcoma, and angiosarcoma even though formal indication is lacking. Proper biomarkers to unravel potential immune reactivity in the tumor microenvironment are therefore expected to be highly warranted. In this study, intratumoral spatial cross presentation was investigated as a novel concept where immune cell composition in the tumor microenvironment was suggested to act as a proxy for immune surveillance. Double immunohistochemistry revealed a prognostic role of direct spatial interactions between CD11c+ antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and CD8+ cells in contrast to each marker alone in a soft tissue sarcoma (STS) cohort of 177 patients from the Karolinska University Hospital (MFS p = 0.048, OS p = 0.025). The survival benefit was verified in multivariable analysis (MFS p = 0.012, OS p = 0.004). Transcriptomics performed in the TCGA sarcoma cohort confirmed the prognostic value of combining CD11c with CD8 (259 patients, p = 0.005), irrespective of FOXP3 levels and in a CD274 (PD-LI)-rich tumor microenvironment. Altogether, this study presents a histopathological approach to link immune surveillance and patient survival in STS. Notably, spatial cross presentation as a prognostic marker is distinct from therapy response-predictive biomarkers such as immune checkpoint molecules of the PD-L1/PD1 pathway.